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The Rossendale Valley
Gawmless End nestles amongst the hills of the beautiful Rossendale Valley, in Shawforth (Whitworth). Its farm access track begins in Britannia (Bacup), at the beginning of the Britannia Coconut Dancers' Easter celebratory dance route. You can see some photographs of Rossendale here, and you can find more via our Links page.
Population (in 1972) 50,000, altitude 26m above sea level. 85km from Düsseldorf.
Click here for more about Bocholt
close to Karlsruhe and the French border.
Population 6,700 (in l972), altitude 126m.
Click here to see more about Kandel
Panoramic View - click to enlarge
WildlifeHand in hand with the Rossendale Valley's rich industrial heritage goes an equally rich wildlife population. The protected twite nests on the moorlands between Whitworth and Bacup. The windswept habitat, despite the still thriving quarries whence London's Trafalgar Square derived the flagstones with which it is paved, seem to suit this small speckled bird, which is becoming very rare in other areas.
The ancient name for the area, the Forest of Rossendale, meant an area farmed for deer, the descendants of which still roam the hills in places. There is an ancient deer park at Musbury where the remnants of the "deer leaps" may still be seen - the high enclosing barrier was provided in places with a banking arrangement whereby deer could get in but not out, thus ensuring the introduction of new blood to the herds within.
In modern times a move to "put the Forest back into Rossendale" has taken the form of treeplanting grants and the identification in the Rossendale District Plan of "priority" areas where new plantings would most improve the environment.
characterful old mill town. While most of its mills have now been superseded by other developments, Bacup retains its old town centre. The picturesque shops are complemented by a traditional market on Wednesdays and Saturdays, and a popular flea market on Fridays with many of the market shops also open.
The Natural History Society in Yorkshire Street is home to many a fascinating artifact in its small museum (open Thursday evenings 7.30 - 9.30 p.m.). The Library is housed in the imposing Mechanics' Institute premises: Bacup Camera Club maintains a display of their stunning pictures here, on subjects both local and general.
Bacup also has an international claim to fame: it is where you will find Elgin Street - at only 17 feet long, it's the shortest street in the world.
Bacup LinksSee also our Links page.
Books about Bacup include this new one, and
"The Book of Bacup", written by local Historian Ken Bowden, is packed with information about Bacup's history.
In October 2000 the face of Bacup changed forever, when Vic White, Bacup's much-loved traditional pork butcher, closed his shop for the last time. Go HERE for report and pictures of the "end of an era".
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